Best answer: Which of the following represents a challenge to the voluntarist option of divine command theory?

Which of the following represents a challenge to the voluntarist option of divine command theory? God’s commands have no basis in reason.

Why does Leibniz reject the divine command theory?

Leibniz, for example, rejects the divine command theory, declaring that it implies that God is unworthy of worship. In any case, it seems that through critical reasoning we can indeed learn much about morality and the moral life.

Which of the following decisions would likely constitute an impermissible action on Judy’s part?

Which of the following decisions would likely constitute an impermissible action on Judy’s part? Judy invents a distasteful rumor about her competitor and tells it to her customers.

Who created the divine command theory?

American philosopher Robert Merrihew Adams proposes what he calls a “modified divine command theory”. Adams presents the basic form of his theory by asserting that two statements are equivalent: It is wrong to do X.

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What is it that moral objectivists and moral relativists disagree about?

What is the difference between moral objectivism and moral relativism? Objectivism: what’s right and wrong is independent of what an individual considers to be right and wrong. Relativism: what’s right and wrong depends on opinion.

Which of the following represents a challenge to the voluntarist option of divine command theory quizlet?

Which of the following represents a challenge to the voluntarist option of divine command theory? God’s commands have no basis in reason.

How would a Deontologist evaluate Robin Hood’s action?

Because of this, Deontology deems Robin Hood’s actions as unethical. A potential criticism to the Deontologist logic is that because the rich made their money off of over taxing and abusing the poor, the money does not really belong to the rich, and therefore Robin Hood is not stealing.

How would a Kantian Deontologist evaluate an action?

Actions in deontology are always judged independently of their outcome. … According to Kant, the moral worth of an action is determined by the human will, which is the only thing in the world that can be considered good without qualification. Good will is exercised by acting according to moral duty/law.

What are the problems with the divine command theory?

Thus, divine command theory gives us reason to worry that God’s commands are arbitrary as universal moral standards of action. They may or may not be benevolent, loving, or have any other property we consider morally praiseworthy, and they may in fact be cruel and harsh. Divine command theory makes no guarantees.

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What are some of the issues of divine command theory?

An argument often used against divine command theory is the problem of abhorrent acts. Divine command supports the possibility of God being able to command abhorrent acts if He so chooses, which would mean (for example) that murder, rape, and genocide would be morally acceptable.

Which of the following is a major objection to divine command theory?

Of the many objections to this theory, the four main ones are that it makes morality arbitrary, that it cannot work in a pluralistic society, that it makes morality infantile, and that it is viciously circular.

What do moral objectivists believe?

Moral Objectivism: The view that what is right or wrong doesn’t depend on what anyone thinks is right or wrong. That is, the view that the ‘moral facts’ are like ‘physical’ facts in that what the facts are does not depend on what anyone thinks they are.

What do moral relativists believe?

Moral relativism is the view that moral judgments are true or false only relative to some particular standpoint (for instance, that of a culture or a historical period) and that no standpoint is uniquely privileged over all others.

What objection does pojman give subjective ethical relativism?

Pojman argues that ethical relativism is a mistaken theory and that cultural differences do not demonstrate that all ways of life are equally valid from a moral perspective.